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The most important topographic features of peninsular India is Western Ghats ranges extending along its western margin spread over 0.14 million Sq. Km in the states of Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu.

The part of the Western Ghats (the Sahyadris) lying in Goa covers about 600 Sq. km out of the total area of the state of 3701 Sq. Km. The average elevation is 800 m. The range extends in the form of an arc for a length of 125 km N to S.

Geologically the topography of the Western Ghats is distinctive. Over the entire length of the Western Ghats the widest belt of forests is around Goa and the neighbouring parts of Karnataka because the rainfall remains relatively high over this tract in view of the comparatively lower elevation of the Ghats here.

The area is naturally a major source region for most of the Goan Rivers, streams, many of which in the steep sections form waterfalls, Dudhsagar is the most spectacular. The local name for isolated peaks are Sonsagar (3827 ft); Catlanchimauli (3633); Vaguerim (3500 ft) and Morlemchogar (3400). All lies in Sattari tuluka in North Goa. In South Goa the isolated peaks include Siddhanath at Ponda, Chandranath at Paroda, Counsid at Astagrae and finally, Dudhsagar at Latambarcem.