As per the Environment Protection Act, 1986 a notification was issued in February 1991, for regulation of activities in the coastal area by the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF). As per the notification, the coastal land up to 500m from the High Tide Line (HTL) and a stretch of 100m along banks of creeks, estuaries, backwater and rivers subject to tidal fluctuations, is declared as the Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ). CRZ along the country has been placed in four categories. The above notification includes only the inter-tidal zone and land part of the coastal area and does not include the ocean part. The notification imposed restrictions on the setting up and expansion of industries or processing plaits etc in the said CRZ.
In supersession of the Notification of the Government of India in the Ministry of Environment and Forests Number 995 (E) dated, the 26th November, 1998, the Central Government hereby constitutes an authority to be known as the Goa State Coastal Zone Management Authority for the purpose of protecting and improving the quality of the coastal environment and preventing, abating and controlling environmental pollution in the coastal areas of the State of Goa. All constructions/developments (including houses, hotels and resorts) located within 500 mts. of the High Tide Line (HTL) along the sea coast and within 100 mts. (or the width of the water body, whichever is less) of the HTL on the banks of rivers/ creeks/ backwaters influenced by tidal action require prior clearance under the CRZ Notification of 1991.