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BUTTERFLIES IN GOA

Butterflies play a key role in nature. They are important component in the food chain for birds, Spiders and other predatory insects. They also act as pollinators. The age old relationship between the humans and butterflies is today going through a period of great stress as humans by their activities are directly or indirectly threatening the existence of butterflies. The presence of butterflies depends on a variety of factors including the climate, presence of suitable caterpillar food, appropriate adult nectar sources of other food, suitable areas for flight and courtship and in some instances, the presence of certain symbiotic species, notably ants.

Human activities everywhere are disturbing and destroying that delicate balance that sustains these factors. These are leading to the decrease in butterfly numbers as well as diversity. Some of the threats faced by the butterflies today are habitat destruction, Use of pesticides, pollination, Disappearing plants, Illegal Collection and trading.

LEGISLATION

In India, legal protection is granted at various levels to wildlife conservation. The Wildlife Protection Act (WPA), 1972, with its various amendments provides the necessary tool to prevent damage to wildlife, including butterflies, plants and their habitats.

It has Schedules I to V, which classify wildlife in accordance with the risk of survival of the species. For animals included in Schedule I total protection from hunting is provided. Trade and commerce related to such animals are strictly regulated. Under this ACT, the collection of the listed butterflies from the wild, or any action leading to threatening their habitats, is prohibited, and individuals breaking these laws are liable to rigorous punishments.

The WPA has listed 450 butterfly species and subspecies in its lists, under I, II, and the III. Schedule I lists around 15 species of butterflies that include the Blue Nawab, Blue Baron, Danaid Eggfly, Crimson Rose etc. Schedule II includes 47 peninsular Indian butterflies' species like the Grey Count, Common Oakleaf, Malabar Banded Peacock etc.

LIST OF HOST PLANTS AND BUTTERFLIES IN GOA
PHOTO GALLERY OF COMMONLY FOUND BUTERFLIES
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