Biological diversity (biodiversity in short) is an entity, which encircles different types of animal, bird, fish, mammal, reptile, insect, plant, fungi, etc. in its domains. The genetic compositions of which they are made up of as well as the ecosystem in which they dwell & survive form a part of it. Nature has made everything in this world to thrive and sustain itself without the threshold limit being crossed. But the over-exploitation of available resources by human being for various commercial reasons has created an imbalance in the biodiversity.

The State of Goa is the smallest of all the States in the country yet, it shows an astonishing diversity of endemic species, habitats and ecosystems. Goa is under the influence of two global biomes - the marine biome of the Arabian Sea and the terrestrial forest biome of the Western Ghats. Within this geographical canvas are a wide range of ecosystems and habitats e.g. forests, Ghats, alluvial plains, coasts, rivers, estuaries, mangroves, wetlands, etc. The eco-physiology of the habitats is governed by complex ecological and meteorological conditions. There are normal habitats and extreme habitats (like the rock pools and the salt pans). There are microhabitats which are equally important - e.g. the termite mounds which play a significant role in the decomposition of plant litter. The status of biodiversity in each of these habitats varies, depending naturally on a variety of genetic and environmental factors.

Goa's Biodiversity at a Glance
Taxa
Catalogued No
Remarks
 
 
 
FLORA
 
   
I. Microbes
 
 
a. Virus
30
 
b. Yeasts
150
 
c. Bacteria
150
 
d. Fungi
 
 
- Terrestrial
NA
 
- Aquatic
NA
 
- Marine
NA
 
II Algae
 
 
- Terrestrial
NA
 
- Fresh water
156
 
- Marine
50
 
III. Bryophytes
NA
 
IV. Pteridophytes
NA
 
V. Angiosperms
1750
Includes domesticated varieties
VI. Gymnosperms
1
 
 
 
 
FAUNA
 
 
I. Invertebrata
 
 
- Protozoa
NA
 
- Porifera
NA
 
- Coelenterata
NA
 
- Platyhelminthes
NA
 
- Aschelminthes
NA
 
- Nematoda
10
 
- Annelida
NA
 
- Arthropoda
112
 
- Arachnida
30
 
- Crustacea
82
   
- Mollusca
 
 
Bivalvia
28
 
Gastropoda
63
 
Cephalopoda
02
 
- Echinodermata
NA
 
II. Protochordata
 
 
- Hermichordata
NA
 
III. Vertebrata or Chordata
 
 
- Pisces
205
 
- Reptilia
49
 
- Aves
357
 
- Mammalia
45
 

Source: NBSAPS Report
Website: http://www.goacom.com/goafoundation/biodiversity/

Go to Homepage ISBEID software
BIODIVERSITY